A prediction model for distinguishing lung squamous cell carcinoma from adenocarcinoma.

Hui Li, Zhengran Jiang, Qixin Leng, Fan Bai, Juan Wang, Xiaosong Ding, Yuehong Li, Xianghong Zhang, HongBin Fang, Harris G Yfantis, Lingxiao Xing, Feng Jiang,

Oncotarget, September 8, 2017

Accurate classification of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) from adenocarcinoma (AC) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can lead to personalized treatments of lung cancer. We aimed to develop a miRNA-based prediction model for differentiating SCC from AC in surgical resected tissues and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples. Expression levels of seven histological subtype-associated miRNAs were determined in 128 snap-frozen surgical lung tumor specimens by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to develop an optimal panel of miRNAs for acutely distinguishing SCC from AC. The biomarkers were validated in an independent cohort of 112 FFPE lung tumor tissues, and a cohort of 127 BAL specimens by using droplet digital PCR for differentiating SCC from AC. A prediction model with two miRNAs (miRs-205-5p and 944) was developed that had 0.988 area under the curve (AUC) with 96.55% sensitivity and 96.43% specificity for differentiating SCC from AC in frozen tissues, and 0.997 AUC with 96.43% sensitivity and 96.43% specificity in FFPE specimens. The diagnostic performance of the prediction model was reproducibly validated in BAL specimens for distinguishing SCC from AC with a higher accuracy compared with cytology (95.69 vs. 68.10%; P < 0.05). The prediction model might have a clinical value for accurately discriminating SCC from AC in both surgical lung tumor tissues and liquid cytological specimens.

Pubmed Link: 28881596

DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.17038