Proteomics analysis to reveal biological pathways and predictive proteins in the survival of high-grade serous ovarian cancer.

Hongyu Xie, Wenjie Wang, Fengyu Sun, Kui Deng, Xin Lu, Huijuan Liu, Weiwei Zhao, Yuanyuan Zhang, Xiaohua Zhou, Kang Li, Yan Hou,

Scientific reports, August 30, 2017

High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) is an aggressive cancer with a worse clinical outcome. Therefore, studies about the prognosis of HGSC may provide therapeutic avenues to improve patient outcomes. Since genome alteration are manifested at the protein level, we integrated protein and mRNA data of ovarian cancer from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) and utilized the sparse overlapping group lasso (SOGL) method, a new mechanism-driven variable selection method, to select dysregulated pathways and crucial proteins related to the survival of HGSC. We found that biosynthesis of amino acids was the main biological pathway with the best predictive performance (AUC = 0.900). A panel of three proteins, namely EIF2B1, PRPS1L1 and MAPK13 were selected as potential predictive proteins and the risk score consisting of these three proteins has predictive performance for overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS), with AUC of 0.976 and 0.932, respectively. Our study provides additional information for further mechanism and therapeutic avenues to improve patient outcomes in clinical practice.

Pubmed Link: 28852147

DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-10559-9