Early health technology assessments in pharmacogenomics: a case example in cardiovascular drugs.

Joost W Geenen, Ekaterina V Baranova, Folkert W Asselbergs, Anthonius de Boer, Rick A Vreman, Colin Na Palmer, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Anke M Hövels,

Pharmacogenomics, July 26, 2017

To assess the required characteristics (cost, sensitivity and specificity) of a pharmacogenomic test for being a cost-effective prevention of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors induced angioedema. Furthermore, we assessed the influence of only testing high-risk populations. A decision tree was used. With a willingness-to-pay threshold of €20,000 and €80,000 per quality adjusted life year, a 100% sensitive and specific test may have a maximum cost of €1.30 and €1.95, respectively. When only genotyping high-risk populations, the maximum test price would be €5.03 and €7.55, respectively. This theoretical pharmacogenomic test is only cost-effective at high specificity, high sensitivity and a low price. Only testing high-risk populations yields more realistic maximum test prices for cost-effectiveness of the intervention.

Pubmed Link: 28745583

DOI: 10.2217/pgs-2017-0063