Epigenomic Consequences of Coding and Noncoding Driver Mutations.

Xiaosai Yao, Manjie Xing, Wen Fong Ooi, Patrick Tan, Bin Tean Teh,

Trends in cancer, July 25, 2017

Chromatin alterations are integral to the pathogenic process of cancer, as demonstrated by recent discoveries of frequent mutations in chromatin-modifier genes and aberrant DNA methylation states in different cancer types. Progress is being made on elucidating how chromatin alterations, and how proteins catalyzing these alterations, mechanistically contribute to tissue-specific tumorigenesis. In parallel, technologies enabling the genome-wide profiling of histone modifications have revealed the existence of noncoding driver genetic alterations in cancer. In this review, we survey the current knowledge of coding and noncoding cancer drivers, and discuss their impact on the chromatin landscape. Translational implications of these findings for novel cancer therapies are also presented.

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Pubmed Link: 28741489

DOI: 10.1016/j.trecan.2016.09.002