The genetics revolution in rheumatology: large scale genomic arrays and genetic mapping.
Nature reviews. Rheumatology, June 1, 2017
Susceptibility to rheumatic diseases, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile idiopathic arthritis and psoriatic arthritis, includes a large genetic component. Understanding how an individual’s genetic background influences disease onset and outcome can lead to a better understanding of disease biology, improved diagnosis and treatment, and, ultimately, to disease prevention or cure. The past decade has seen great progress in the identification of genetic variants that influence the risk of rheumatic diseases. The challenging task of unravelling the function of these variants is ongoing. In this Review, the major insights from genetic studies, gained from advances in technology, bioinformatics and study design, are discussed in the context of rheumatic disease. In addition, pivotal genetic studies in the main rheumatic diseases are highlighted, with insights into how these studies have changed the way we view these conditions in terms of disease overlap, pathways of disease and potential new therapeutic targets. Finally, the limitations of genetic studies, gaps in our knowledge and ways in which current genetic knowledge can be fully translated into clinical benefit are examined.
Pubmed Link: 28569263