Next-generation sequencing-based molecular characterization of primary urinary bladder adenocarcinoma.

Somak Roy, Dinesh Pradhan, Wayne L Ernst, Stephanie Mercurio, Yana Najjar, Rahul Parikh, Anil V Parwani, Reetesh K Pai, Rajiv Dhir, Marina N Nikiforova,

Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, May 26, 2017

Primary bladder adenocarcinoma is a rare and aggressive tumor with poor clinical outcomes and no standard of care therapy. Molecular biology of this tumor is unknown due to the lack of comprehensive molecular profiling studies. The study aimed to identify genomic alterations of clinical and therapeutic significance using next-generation sequencing and compare genomic profile of primary bladder adenocarcinoma with that of high-grade urothelial carcinoma and colorectal adenocarcinoma. A cohort of 15 well-characterized primary bladder adenocarcinoma was subjected to targeted next-generation sequencing for the identification of mutations and copy-number changes in 51 cancer-related genes. Genomic profiles of 25 HGUCs and 25 colorectal adenocarcinomas using next-generation sequencing of 50 genes were compared with primary bladder adenocarcinoma. Genomic profiles were visualized using JavaScript library D3.js. A striking finding was the distinct lack of genomic alterations across the 51 genes assessed in mucinous subtype of primary bladder adenocarcinoma. Eleven of 15 primary bladder adenocarcinoma harbored at least one genomic alteration in TP53, KRAS, PIK3CA, CTNNB1, APC, TERT, FBXW7, IDH2 and RB1, many of which are novel findings and of potential therapeutic significance. CTNNB1 and APC mutations were restricted to enteric subtype only. While genomic alterations of primary bladder adenocarcinoma showed substantial overlap with colorectal adenocarcinoma, FGFR3 and HRAS mutations and APC, CTNNB1 and IDH2 alterations were mutually exclusive between primary bladder adenocarcinoma and high-grade urothelial carcinoma. These alterations affecting the MAP kinase, PI3K/Akt, Wnt, IDH (metabolic) and Tp53/Rb1 signaling pathways may provide the opportunity for defining targeted therapeutic approaches.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 26 May 2017; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2017.33.

Pubmed Link: 28548125

DOI: 10.1038/modpathol.2017.33