MicroRNA-155 promotes apoptosis in SKOV3, A2780, and primary cultured ovarian cancer cells.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, January 18, 2016
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a large group of small non-coding RNAs that can negatively regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. The deregulation of miRNAs has been associated with tumorigenesis, drug resistance, and prognosis in cancers. Deregulated miR-155 has been reported in numerous cancers; however, its function remains unclear. 4’,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining and terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) techniques were used to determine the effects of a miR-155 mimic or inhibitor on the apoptotic ratio of ovarian cancer cells induced by cisplatin. Bioinformatic predictions, the dual-luciferase reporter assay, and western blot analysis were used to detect how miR-155 regulates X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP). We demonstrated that a miR-155 mimic could decrease the IC50 value of cisplatin in SKOV3 ovarian cancer cells. Subsequently, gain- and loss-of-function analyses with a miR-155 mimic and inhibitor showed that miR-155 sensitizes ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin. Furthermore, the results from the luciferase assays and western blot analysis identified XIAP as the direct target of miR-155. In addition, introducing XIAP cDNA without a three prime untranslated region (3’-UTR) rescued the miR-155 promotion of apoptosis. These results indicate that miR-155 mediates cisplatin-induced apoptosis by targeting XIAP in ovarian cancer cells and that miR-155 could be a potential therapeutic target to increase the efficiency of ovarian cancer interventions.
Pubmed Link: 26779627