Modifying the maker: Oxygenases target ribosome biology.

Qinqin Zhuang, Tianshu Feng, Mathew L Coleman,

Translation (Austin, Tex.), January 18, 2016

The complexity of the eukaryotic protein synthesis machinery is partly driven by extensive and diverse modifications to associated proteins and RNAs. These modifications can have important roles in regulating translation factor activity and ribosome biogenesis and function. Further investigation of ‘translational modifications’ is warranted considering the growing evidence implicating protein synthesis as a critical point of gene expression control that is commonly deregulated in disease. New evidence suggests that translation is a major new target for oxidative modifications, specifically hydroxylations and demethylations, which generally are catalyzed by a family of emerging oxygenase enzymes that act at the interface of nutrient availability and metabolism. This review summarizes what is currently known about the role or these enzymes in targeting rRNA synthesis, protein translation and associated cellular processes.

Pubmed Link: 26779412

Full-text Link: PMC4682802 [Available on 02/03/16]

DOI: 10.1080/21690731.2015.1009331

DOI: 10.1080/21690731.2015.1009331